"Though the sheets of this story were printed and marked for copyright in 1928, the story was neither bound nor circulated at that time. A few copies were bound, put under copyright, and circulated by R. H. Barlow in 1936, but the first wide publication of the story was in the magazine, WEIRD TALES, in the following year. The story was originally set up and printed by the late W. Paul Cook, publisher of THE RECLUSE."
The memoirs: His Own Most Fantastic Creation, by Winfield Townley Scott; Some Random Memories of H. P. L., by Frank Belknap Long: H. P. Lovecraft: An Appreciation, by T. O. Mabbott; The Wind That Is in the Grass: A Memoir of H. P. Lovecraft in Florida, by R. H. Barlow; Lovecraft and Science, by Kenneth Sterling; Lovecraft as a Formative Influence, by August Derleth; The Dweller in Darkness, by Donald Wandrei.
The memorial articles: A Memoir of Lovecraft, by Rheinhart Kleiner; Howard Phillips Lovecraft, by Samuel Loveman; Lovecraft as I Knew Him, by Sonia H. Davis (Lovecraft's former wife); Addenda to H. P. L.: A MEMOIR by August Derleth; Lovecraft's Sensitivity, Lovecraft's CONSERVATIVE; The Man Who Was Lovecraft, by E. Hoffmann Price; A Literary Copernicus, by Fritz Leiber, Jr.
The poems: Providence: Two Gentlemen Meet at Midnight, by August Derleth; HPL, by Vincent Starrett.
STORIES BY H. P. LOVECRAFT WHICH APPEARED IN WEIRD TALES
(N. B.: Except in a few instances where stories were reprinted from another magazine, these are all original publication dates. Lovecraft's stories have been and continue to be reprinted in WEIRD TALES, FAMOUS FANTASTIC MYSTERIES and other magazines.)
* Reprinted from another magazine. See following list:
|Herbert West—Reanimator||HOME BREW||1922|
|The Lurking Fear||HOME BREW||1923|
|Cool Air||TALES OF MAGIC & MYSTERY||March 1928|
THE CONSERVATIVE, an amateur magazine published by Lovecraft, achieved thirteen issues appearing at irregular intervals from April, 1915 to July, 1923. THE CONSERVATIVE was intended primarily for circulation among members of the United Amateur Press Association.
|No. 1||April 1915|
|No. 2||July 1915|
|No. 3||October 1915|
|No. 4||January 1916|
|Vol. 2, No. 1||April 1916|
|Vol. 2, No. 2||July 1916|
|Vol. 2, No. 3||October 1916|
|Vol. 2, No. 4||January 1917|
|Vol. 3, No. 1||July 1917|
|Vol. 4, No. 1||July 1918|
|Vol. 5, No. 1||July 1919|
|No. 12||March 1923|
|No. 13||July 1923|
PSEUDONYMS USED BY LOVECRAFT
Humphrey Littlewit, Ward Phillips, Richard Raleigh, Edgar Softly, Augustus T. Swift, Lewis Theobald, Jr., Albert Frederick Willie.
SELECTED LETTERS. Arkham House, 195—
AMATEUR AND "LITTLE" MAGAZINES IN WHICH LOVECRAFT PUBLISHED
THE ACOLYTE, THE AMERICAN AMATEUR, THE BROOKLYNITE, THE CALIFORNIAN, CAUSERIE, THE COYOTE, THE CREDENTIAL, THE FANTASY FAN, L'ALOUETTE, THE NATIONAL AMATEUR, THE ORACLE, O-WASH-TA-NONG, PEGASUS, THE PHANTAGRAPH, THE PHILOSOPHER, PINE CONES, PLANETEER, THE RAINBOW, THE RECLUSE, SCAT, SCIENCE-FANTASY CORRESPONDENT, STARS, TESSERACT, THE TRYOUT, THE UNITED AMATEUR, THE UNITED COOPERATIVE, THE VAGRANT, THE VOICE FROM THE MOUNTAIN.* Not a complete list. Many of these are analyzed in an article entitled "Lovecraft's Amateur Press Works" by George T. Wetzel which appeared in DESTINY, Summer-Fall, 1951, an amateur magazine published by Malcolm Willits, 11848 S. E. Powell Blvd., Portland 15, Oregon.
This bibliography is a direct outgrowth of my earlier, privately printed "Select Bibliography of H. P. Lovecraft." It contains most of the information which was not included in that original checklist—a complete list of the short stories, all the anthologies, additional title and other pertinent items of interest. Also, many of the annotations which appeared in the earlier checklist have herein been revised and enlarged.
I am immensely indebted to August Derleth for his enthusiastic and wholehearted assistance. He has supplied me with much vital information which it would have been virtually impossible for me to obtain unaided. While busy with his own work, he took time out to read the original manuscript of the bibliography and to point out important corrections and additions.
Also, I wish to extend wholehearted thanks to Miss Marion E. Brown, In Charge, Special Collections, Brown University Library, for her kindness in listing and describing various Lovecraft items at Brown which are under her care. Without her generous contributions of both patience and time, most of these items would probably have remained inaccessible to me …
I am solely responsible, however, for any errors which may come to light.
THE SHUNNED HOUSE. Athol, Mass., 1928. bds., labels, uncut. o. p. August Derleth: "Not a published book. Six or seven copies hand bound by R. H. Barlow in 1936 and sent to friends." Some stapled in paper covers. A certain number of uncut, unbound but folded sheets available. Following is an extract from the copyright notice pasted to the unbound sheets:
FURTHER CRITICISM OF POETRY. Press of Geo. G. Fetter Co., Louisville, 1952. 13 p. o. p.
THE CATS OF ULTHAR. Dragonfly Press, Cassia, Florida, 1935. 10 p. o. p. Christmas, 1935. Forty copies printed.
LOOKING BACKWARD. C. W. Smith, Haverhill, Mass., 1935. 36 p. o. p.
THE SHADOW OVER INNSMOUTH. Visionary Press, Everett, Pa., 1936. 158 p. o. p. Illustrations by Frank Utpatel. The only work of the author's which was published in book form during his lifetime.
THE NOTES & COMMONPLACE BOOK EMPLOYED BY THE LATE H. P. LOVECRAFT, INCLUDING HIS SUGGESTIONS FOR STORY-WRITING, ANALYSES OF THE WEIRD STORY, AND, LIST OF CERTAIN BASIC UNDERLYING HORRORS, ETC. DESIGNED TO STIMULATE THE IMAGINATION. Futile Press, Lakeport, Calif., 1938. 45 p. o. p. A rich mine of spectral inspiration for the aspiring weird writer. Only seventy-five copies printed.
THE OUTSIDER AND OTHERS. Collected by August Derleth & Donald Wandrei. Arkham House, Sauk City, Wise., 1939. 553 p. o. p. A highly prized collector's item. Contains thirty-six of Lovecraft's best short stories, sketches and short novels, plus his fine essay, Supernatural Horror in Literature. The stories, etc.: Dagon, Polaris, Celephais, Hypnos, The Cats of Ulthar, The Strange High House in the Mist, The Statement of Randolph Carter, The Silver Key, Through the Gates of the Silver Key, The Outsider, The Music of Erich Zann, The Rats in the Walls, Cool Air, He, The Horror at Red Hook, The Temple, Arthur Jermyn, The Picture in the House, The Festival, The Terrible Old Man, The Tomb, The Shunned House, In the Vault, Pickman's Model, The Haunter of the Dark, The Dreams in the Witch-House, The Thing on the Doorstep, The Nameless City, The Lurking Fear, The Call of Cthulhu, The Colour Out of Space, The Dunwich Horror, The Whisperer in Darkness, The Shadow Over Innsmouth, The Shadow Out of Time, At the Mountains of Madness.
BEYOND THE WALL OF SLEEP. Collected by August Derleth and Donald Wandrei. Arkham House, 1943. 458 p. o. p. Another scarce collector's item. Contains autobiographical notes; The Commonplace Book; History and Chronology of the NECRONOMICON; two complete novels, The Dream-Quest of Unknown Kadath and The Case of Charles Dexter Ward; the long serial story, Herbert West—Reanimator; fifteen prose poems, sketches and short stories; nine collaborations and/or revisions; sixty-five poems, including the thirty-six sonnets comprising Fungi from Yuggoth; The Cthulhu Mythology: A Glossary by Francis T. Laney; An Appreciation of H. P. Lovecraft by W. Paul Cook.
MARGINALIA. Arkham House, 1944. 377 p. illus. o. p. Sixteen miscellaneous essays, sketches and early stories, a ghost-written story and three revisions, plus biographical memoirs, appreciations and memorial verses by various authors. Among the essays and early stories: Notes on the Writing of Weird Fiction, Some Notes on Interplanetary Fiction, Lord Dunsany and His Work, Heritage or Modernish: Common Sense in Art Forms, The Beast in the Cave, The Thing in the Moonlight.
SUPERNATURAL HORROR IN LITERATURE. With an introduction by August Derleth. Ben Abramson, N. Y., 1945. 106 p. Lovecraft's famous essay on weird writing. The background and evolution of the horror tale—a "must" for anyone seriously interested in the genre. The only indexed version.
THE BEST SUPERNATURAL STORIES OF H. P. LOVECRAFT. The World Publishing Co., Cleveland, 1945. 307 p. Edited and with an introductory note about Lovecraft by August Derleth. Contains fourteen of Lovecraft's most popular stoies: In the Vault, Pickman's Model, The Rats in the Walls, The Outsider, The Colour Out of Space, The Music of Erich Zann, The Haunter of the Dark, The Picture in the House, The Call of Cthulhu, The Dunwich Horror, Cool Air, The Whisperer in Darkness, The Terrible Old Man, The Thing on the Doorstep.
THE DUNWICH HORROR. Bartholomew House, N. Y., 1945. 186 p. o. p. The Dunwich Horror, The Shadow Out of Time, and The Thing on the Doorstep.
THE DUNWICH HORROR AND OTHER WEIRD TALES. Armed Services Editions, 1945.
With an introduction by August Derleth.
THE LURKER AT THE THRESHOLD, by H. P. Lovecraft and August Derleth. Arkham House, 1945. 196 p. o. p.
A short Cthulhu Mythos novel left unfinished by Lovecraft at the time of his death. Carefully edited and completed by August Derleth.
EL QUE ACECHA EN EL UMBRAL, by H. P. Lovecraft y August Derleth. Editorial Molino, Buenos Aires, 1946. Tr. by Delia Piquerez.
THE LURKER AT THE THRESHOLD, by H. P. Lovecraft and August Derleth. Museum Press, London, 1948.
THE LURKING FEAR AND OTHER STORIES. Avon Book Co., N. Y., 1948. 223 p.
The title story and ten others.
SOMETHING ABOUT CATS AND OTHER PIECES. Collected by August Derleth. Arkham House, 1949. 306 p. illus.
THE HAUNTER OF THE DARK AND OTHER TALES OF TERROR. Victor Gollancz, Ltd., London, 1951. Introduction by August Derleth.
THE CASE OF CHARLES DEXTER WARD. Victor Gollancz, Ltd., London, 1952.
AT THE MOUNTAINS OF MADNESS. Victor Gollancz, Ltd., London, 1952 (or 1953).
Includes also The Shadow Out of Time.
FUNGI FROM YUGGOTH. Arkham House, 1952. Lovecraft's collected poems.
YOU'LL NEED A NIGHT LIGHT. Selected by Christine Campbell Thomson. Selwyn & Blount, Ltd., London, 1927.
The Horror at Red Hook.
BY DAYLIGHT ONLY. Selected by Christine Campbell Thomson. Selwyn & Blount, Ltd., London, 1928.
SWITCH ON THE LIGHT. Selected by Christine Campbell Thomson. Selwyn & Blount, Ltd., London, 1928.
The Rats in the Walls.
NOT AT NIGHT! Edited and with an introduction by Herbert Asbury. Macy-Masius: The Vanguard Press, N. Y., 1928.
The Horror at Red Hook.
BEWARE AFTER DARK! Selected and with an introduction by T. Everett Harre. The Macauley Company, N. Y., 1929.
The Call of Cthulhu.
THE OTHER WORLDS (subsequently reprinted as 25 MODERN TALES OF MYSTERY AND IMAGINATION). Edited and with an introduction by Phil Stong. Wilfred Funk, Inc., N. Y., 1941.
In the Vault.
GREAT TALES OF TERROR AND THE SUPERNATURAL. Edited by Herbert A. Wise and Phyllis Fraser. Random House, N. Y., 1944.
The Rats in the Walls and The Dunwich Horror.
SLEEP NO MORE. Edited and with a foreword by August Derleth. Farrar & Rinehart, N. Y., 1944.
The Rats in the Walls. Also a revision, The Horror in the Burying Ground, by Hazel Heald.
SLEEP NO MORE. Edited and with a foreword by August Derleth. Armed Services Editions, 1944.
PORTABLE NOVELS OF SCIENCE. Edited by Donald A. Wollheim. The Viking Press, N. Y., 1945.
The Shadow Out of Time.
WHO KNOCKS? Edited and with a foreword by August Derleth. Farrar & Rinehart, N. Y., 1945.
The Shunned House.
AVON GHOST READER. Edited by Herbert Williams. Avon Publishing Company, N. Y., 1946.
The Dunwich Horror.
THE COMPLETE MURDER SAMPLER. Edited by James Nelson. The Crime Club, Doubleday & Company, N. Y., 1946.
TALES OF THE UNDEAD. Collected by Elinore Blaisdell. Crowell, N. Y., 1947.
THE NIGHT SIDE; MASTERPIECES OF THE STRANGE & TERRIBLE. Edited and with a foreword by August Derleth. Rinehart & Company, N. Y., 1947.
The Colour Out of Space.
DARK OF THE MOON; POEMS OF FANTASY AND THE MACABRE. Edited by August Derleth. Arkham House, 1947. Contains the thirty-six sonnets comprising Fungi from Yuggoth plus the long poem Psychopompos and two short poems, The Messenger and The Ancient Track.
UNSEEN WINGS; AN ANTHOLOGY OF POETRY. Compiled by Stanton A. Coblentz. Beechhurst Press, N. Y., 1949.
Continuity and A Memory.
IN THE GRIP OF TERROR. Edited by Groff Conklin. Permabook, Doubleday & Company, N. Y., 1951.
In the Vault.
NIGHT'S YAWNING PEAL. Edited by August Derleth. Pellegrini & Cudahy, N. Y., 1952. An Arkham House Book.
The Case of Charles Dexter Ward.
H. P. L.: A MEMOIR, by August Derleth. Ben Abramson, N. Y., 1945. 122 p.
An excellent introduction to Lovecraft both as man and artist. The book's appendix includes some early Lovecraft work, notably The Cats of Ulthar and The Festival. The volume also contains a detailed Lovecraft bibliography complete to 1945.
IN MEMORIAM HOWARD PHILLIPS LOVECRAFT: RECOLLECTIONS, APPRECIATIONS, ESTIMATES … by W. Paul Cook. Driftwind Press, North Montpelier, Vermont, 1941. 75 p. "An edition of 94 copies net."
LOVECRAFT AND BENEFIT STREET, by Dorothy Charlotte Walter. North Montpelier, Vermont, 1943. 14 p.
"Reprinted from THE GHOST for Spring of 1943 by W. Paul Cook at the Driftwind Press, Nort Montpelier, Vt., U. S. A."
HOWARD PHILLIPS LOVECRAFT: A SELF-PORTRAIT, by James Warren Thomas.
Thesis (A. M.) Brown University, 1950. (Unpublished.)
RHODE ISLAND ON LOVECRAFT. Edited by Donald M. Grant and Thomas P. Hadley. Grant-Hadley, Providence, 1945. 26 p. Five essays on Lovecraft by residents of Providence.
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- For other renewal records of publications between 1922–1950 see the University of Pennsylvania copyright records scans.
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The author died in 1990, so this work is also in the public domain in countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 25 years or less. This work may also be in the public domain in countries and areas with longer native copyright terms that apply the rule of the shorter term to foreign works.
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Derleth in the 1960s
|Born||August William Derleth|
February 24, 1909
Sauk City, Wisconsin
|Died||July 4, 1971(1971-07-04) (aged 62)|
Sauk City, Wisconsin
|Occupation||Novelist, short story writer|
|Genre||Fantasy, Horror, Mystery, Regional, Science fiction|
|Literary movement||Weird Fiction|
|Spouse||Sandra Winters (m. 1953; div. 1959)|
August William Derleth (February 24, 1909 – July 4, 1971) was an American writer and anthologist. Though best remembered as the first book publisher of the writings of H. P. Lovecraft, and for his own contributions to the Cthulhu Mythos genre of horror, as well as his founding of the publisher Arkham House (which did much to bring supernatural fiction into print in hardcover in the US that had only been readily available in the UK), Derleth was a leading American regional writer of his day, as well as prolific in several other genres, including historical fiction, poetry, detective fiction, science fiction, and biography.
A 1938 Guggenheim Fellow, Derleth considered his most serious work to be the ambitious Sac Prairie Saga, a series of fiction, historical fiction, poetry, and non-fiction naturalist works designed to memorialize life in the Wisconsin he knew. Derleth can also be considered a pioneering naturalist and conservationist in his writing.
The son of William Julius Derleth and Rose Louise Volk, Derleth grew up in Sauk City, Wisconsin. He was educated in local parochial and public high school. Derleth wrote his first fiction at age 13. He was interested most in reading, and he made three trips to the library a week. He would save his money to buy books (his personal library exceeded 12,000 later on in life). Some of his biggest influences were Ralph Waldo Emerson's essays, Walt Whitman, H. L. Mencken's The American Mercury, Samuel Johnson's The History of Rasselas, Prince of Abissinia, Alexandre Dumas, Edgar Allan Poe, Walter Scott, and Henry David Thoreau's Walden.
Forty rejected stories and three years later, according to anthologist Jim Stephens, he sold his first story, "Bat's Belfry", to Weird Tales magazine. Derleth wrote throughout his four years at the University of Wisconsin, where he received a B.A. in 1930. During this time he also served briefly as associate editor of Minneapolis-based Fawcett PublicationsMystic Magazine.
Returning to Sauk City in the summer of 1931, Derleth worked in a local canning factory and collaborated with childhood friend Mark Schorer (later Chairman of the University of California, Berkeley English Department). They rented a cabin, writing Gothic and other horror stories and selling them to Weird Tales magazine. Derleth won a place on the O'Brien Roll of Honor for Five Alone, published in Place of Hawks, but was first found in Pagany magazine.
As a result of his early work on the Sac Prairie Saga, Derleth was awarded the prestigious Guggenheim Fellowship; his sponsors were Helen C. White, Nobel Prize-winning novelist Sinclair Lewis and poet Edgar Lee Masters of Spoon River Anthology fame.
In the mid-1930s, Derleth organized a Ranger's Club for young people, served as clerk and president of the local school board, served as a parole officer, organized a local men's club and a parent-teacher association. He also lectured in American regional literature at the University of Wisconsin and was a contributing editor of Outdoors Magazine.
With longtime friend Donald Wandrei, Derleth in 1939 founded Arkham House. Its initial objective was to publish the works of H. P. Lovecraft, with whom Derleth had corresponded since his teenage years. At the same time, he began teaching a course in American Regional Literature at the University of Wisconsin.
In 1941, he became literary editor of The Capital Times newspaper in Madison, a post he held until his resignation in 1960. His hobbies included fencing, swimming, chess, philately and comic-strips (Derleth reportedly deployed the funding from his Guggenheim Fellowship to bind his comic book collection, most recently valued in the millions of dollars, rather than to travel abroad as the award intended.). Derleth's true avocation, however, was hiking the terrain of his native Wisconsin lands, and observing and recording nature with an expert eye.
Derleth once wrote of his writing methods, "I write very swiftly, from 750,000 to a million words yearly, very little of it pulp material."
In 1948, he was elected president of the Associated Fantasy Publishers at the 6th World Science Fiction Convention in Toronto.
He was married April 6, 1953, to Sandra Evelyn Winters. They divorced six years later. Derleth retained custody of the couple's two children, April Rose and Walden William. April earned a Bachelor of Arts degree in English from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in 1977. She became majority stockholder, President, and CEO of Arkham House in 1994. She remained in that capacity until her death. She was known in the community as a naturalist and humanitarian. April died on March 21, 2011.
In 1960, Derleth began editing and publishing a magazine called Hawk and Whippoorwill, dedicated to poems of man and nature.
Derleth died of a heart attack on July 4, 1971, and is buried in St. Aloysius Cemetery in Sauk City. The U.S. 12 bridge over the Wisconsin River is named in his honor.
Derleth wrote more than 150 short stories and more than 100 books during his lifetime.
The Sac Prairie Saga
Derleth wrote an expansive series of novels, short stories, journals, poems, and other works about Sac Prairie (whose prototype is Sauk City). Derleth intended this series to comprise up to 50 novels telling the projected life-story of the region from the 19th century onwards, with analogies to Balzac's Human Comedy and Proust's Remembrance of Things Past.
This, and other early work by Derleth, made him a well-known figure among the regional literary figures of his time: early Pulitzer Prize winners Hamlin Garland and Zona Gale, as well as Sinclair Lewis, the last both an admirer and critic of Derleth.
As Edward Wagenknecht wrote in Cavalcade of the American Novel, "What Mr. Derleth has that is lacking...in modern novelists generally, is a country. He belongs. He writes of a land and a people that are bone of his bone and flesh of his flesh. In his fictional world, there is a unity much deeper and more fundamental than anything that can be conferred by an ideology. It is clear, too, that he did not get the best, and most fictionally useful, part of his background material from research in the library; like Scott, in his Border novels, he gives, rather, the impression of having drunk it in with his mother's milk."
Jim Stephens, editor of An August Derleth Reader, (1992), argues: "what Derleth accomplished....was to gather a Wisconsin mythos which gave respect to the ancient fundament of our contemporary life."
The author inaugurated the Sac Prairie Saga with four novellas comprising Place of Hawks, published by Loring & Mussey in 1935. At publication, The Detroit News wrote: "Certainly with this book Mr. Derleth may be added to the American writers of distinction."
Derleth's first novel, Still is the Summer Night, was published two years later by the famous Charles Scribners' editor Maxwell Perkins, and was the second in his Sac Prairie Saga.
Village Year, the first in a series of journals–meditations on nature, Midwestern village American life, and more–was published in 1941 to praise from The New York Times Book Review: "A book of instant sensitive responsiveness...recreates its scene with acuteness and beauty, and makes an unusual contribution to the Americana of the present day." The New York Herald Tribune observed that "Derleth...deepens the value of his village setting by presenting in full the enduring natural background; with the people projected against this, the writing comes to have the quality of an old Flemish picture, humanity lively and amusing and loveable in the foreground and nature magnificent beyond." James Grey, writing in the St. Louis Dispatch concluded, "Derleth has achieved a kind of prose equivalent of the Spoon River Anthology."
In the same year, Evening in Spring was published by Charles Scribners & Sons. This work Derleth considered among his finest. What The Milwaukee Journal called "this beautiful little love story", is an autobiographical novel of first love beset by small-town religious bigotry. The work received critical praise: The New Yorker considered it a story told "with tenderness and charm", while the Chicago Tribune concluded: "It's as though he turned back the pages of an old diary and told, with rekindled emotion, of the pangs of pain and the sharp, clear sweetness of a boy's first love." Helen Constance White, wrote in The Capital Times that it was "...the best articulated, the most fully disciplined of his stories."
These were followed in 1943 with Shadow of Night, a Scribners' novel of which The Chicago Sun wrote: "Structurally it has the perfection of a carved jewel...A psychological novel of the first order, and an adventure tale that is unique and inspiriting."
In November 1945, however, Derleth's work was attacked by his one-time admirer and mentor, Sinclair Lewis. Writing in Esquire, Lewis observed, "It is a proof of Mr. Derleth's merit that he makes one want to make the journey and see his particular Avalon: The Wisconsin River shining among its islands, and the castles of Baron Pierneau and Hercules Dousman. He is a champion and a justification of regionalism. Yet he is also a burly, bounding, bustling, self-confident, opinionated, and highly-sweatered young man with faults so grievous that a melancholy perusal of them may be of more value to apprentices than a study of his serious virtues. If he could ever be persuaded that he isn't half as good as he thinks he is, if he would learn the art of sitting still and using a blue pencil, he might become twice as good as he thinks he is–which would about rank him with Homer." Derleth good-humoredly reprinted the criticism along with a photograph of himself sans sweater, on the back cover of his 1948 country journal: Village Daybook.
A lighter side to the Sac Prairie Saga is a series of quasi-autobiographical short stories known as the "Gus Elker Stories", amusing tales of country life that Peter Ruber, Derleth's last editor, said were "...models of construction and...fused with some of the most memorable characters in American literature." Most were written between 1934 and the late 1940s, though the last, "Tail of the Dog", was published in 1959 and won the Scholastic Magazine short story award for the year. The series was collected and republished in Country Matters in 1996.
Walden West, published in 1961, is considered by many Derleth's finest work. This prose meditation is built out of the same fundamental material as the series of Sac Prairie journals, but is organized around three themes: "the persistence of memory...the sounds and odors of the country...and Thoreau's observation that the 'mass of men lead lives of quiet desperation.'" A blend of nature writing, philosophic musings, and careful observation of the people and place of "Sac Prairie." Of this work, George Vukelich, author of "North Country Notebook", writes: "Derleth's Walden West is...the equal of Sherwood Anderson's Winesburg,Ohio, Thornton Wilder's Our Town, and Edgar Lee Masters' Spoon River Anthology." This was followed eight years later by Return to Walden West, a work of similar quality, but with a more noticeable environmentalist edge to the writing, notes critic Norbert Blei.
A close literary relative of the Sac Prairie Saga was Derleth's Wisconsin Saga, which comprises several historical novels.
Detective and mystery fiction
Detective fiction represented another substantial body of Derleth's work. Most notable among this work was a series of 70 stories in affectionate pastiche of Sherlock Holmes, whose creator, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, he admired greatly. These included one published novel as well (Mr. Fairlie's Final Journey). The series features a (Sherlock Holmes-styled) British detective named Solar Pons, of Praed Street in London. The series was greatly admired by such notable writers and critics of mystery and detective fiction as Ellery Queen (Frederic Dannay), Anthony Boucher, Vincent Starrett and Howard Haycraft.
In his 1944 volume The Misadventures of Sherlock Holmes, Ellery Queen wrote of Derleth's The Norcross Riddle, an early Pons story: "How many budding authors, not even old enough to vote, could have captured the spirit and atmosphere with as much fidelity?" Queen adds, "...and his choice of the euphonic Solar Pons is an appealing addition to the fascinating lore of Sherlockian nomenclature." Vincent Starrett, in his foreword to the 1964 edition of The Casebook of Solar Pons, wrote that the series is "...as sparkling a galaxy of Sherlockian pastiches as we have had since the canonical entertainments came to an end."
Despite close similarities to Doyle's creation, Pons lived in the post-World War I era, in the decade of the 1920s. Though Derleth never wrote a Pons novel to equal The Hound of the Baskervilles, editor Peter Ruber wrote: "...Derleth produced more than a few Solar Pons stories almost as good as Sir Arthur's, and many that had better plot construction."
Although these stories were a form of diversion for Derleth, Ruber, who edited The Original Text Solar Pons Omnibus Edition (2000), argued: "Because the stories were generally of such high quality, they ought to be assessed on their own merits as a unique contribution in the annals of mystery fiction, rather than suffering comparison as one of the endless imitators of Sherlock Holmes."
Some of the stories were self-published, through a new imprint called "Mycroft & Moran", an appellation of humorous significance to Holmesian scholars. For approximately a decade, an active supporting group was the Praed Street Irregulars, patterned after the Baker Street Irregulars.
In 1946, Conan Doyle's two sons made some attempts to force Derleth to cease publishing the Solar Pons series, but the efforts were unsuccessful and eventually withdrawn.
Derleth's mystery and detective fiction also included a series of works set in Sac Prairie and featuring Judge Peck as the central character.
Youth and children's fiction
Derleth wrote many and varied children's works, including biographies meant to introduce younger readers to explorer Fr. Marquette, as well as Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau. Arguably most important among his works for younger readers, however, is the Steve and Sim Mystery Series, also known as the Mill Creek Irregulars series. The ten-volume series, published between 1958 and 1970, is set in Sac Prairie of the 1920s and can thus be considered in its own right a part of the Sac Prairie Saga, as well as an extension of Derleth's body of mystery fiction. Robert Hood, writing in the New York Times said: "Steve and Sim, the major characters, are twentieth-century cousins of Huck Finn and Tom Sawyer; Derleth's minor characters, little gems of comic drawing." The first novel in the series, The Moon Tenders, does, in fact, involve a rafting adventure down the Wisconsin River, which led regional writer Jesse Stuart to suggest the novel was one that "older people might read to recapture the spirit and dream of youth." The connection to the Sac Prairie Saga was noted by the Chicago Tribune: "Once again a small midwest community in 1920s is depicted with perception, skill, and dry humor."
Arkham House and the "Cthulhu Mythos"
Derleth was a correspondent and friend of H. P. Lovecraft – when Lovecraft wrote about "le Comte d'Erlette" in his fiction, it was in homage to Derleth. Derleth invented the term "Cthulhu Mythos" to describe the fictional universe described in the series of stories shared by Lovecraft and other writers in his circle.
When Lovecraft died in 1937, Derleth and Donald Wandrei assembled a collection of Lovecraft's stories and tried to get them published. Existing publishers showed little interest, so Derleth and Wandrei founded Arkham House in 1939 for that purpose. The name of the company derived from Lovecraft's fictional town of Arkham, Massachusetts, which features in many of his stories. In 1939 Arkham House published The Outsider and Others, a huge collection that contained most of Lovecraft's known short stories. Derleth and Wandrei soon expanded Arkham House and began a regular publishing schedule after its second book, Someone in the Dark, a collection of some of Derleth's own horror stories, was published in 1941.
Following Lovecraft's death, Derleth wrote a number of stories based on fragments and notes left by Lovecraft. These were published in Weird Tales and later in book form, under the byline "H. P. Lovecraft and August Derleth", with Derleth calling himself a "posthumous collaborator." This practice has raised objections in some quarters that Derleth simply used Lovecraft's name to market what was essentially his own fiction; S. T. Joshi refers to the "posthumous collaborations" as marking the beginning of "perhaps the most disreputable phase of Derleth's activities".
A significant number of H. P. Lovecraft fans and critics, such as Dirk W. Mosig,S. T. Joshi, and Richard L. Tierney were dissatisfied with Derleth's invention of the term Cthulhu Mythos (Lovecraft himself used Yog-Sothothery) and his presentation of Lovecraft's fiction as having an overall pattern reflecting Derleth's own Christian world view, which they contrast with Lovecraft's depiction of an amoral universe. However Robert M. Price points out that while Derleth's tales are distinct from Lovecraft's in their use of hope and his depiction of a struggle between good and evil, nevertheless the basis of Derlerth's systemization are found in Lovecraft. He also suggests that the differences can be over stated:
Derleth was more optimistic than Lovecraft in his conception of the Mythos, but we are dealing with a difference more of degree than kind. There are indeed tales wherein Derleth's protagonists get off scot-free (like "The Shadow in the Attic", "Witches' Hollow", or "The Shuttered Room"), but often the hero is doomed (e.g., "The House in the Valley", "The Peabody Heritage", "Something in Wood"), as in Lovecraft. And it must be remembered that an occasional Lovecraftian hero does manage to overcome the odds, e.g., in "The Horror in the Museum", "The Shunned House", and 'The Case of Charles Dexter Ward'. 
Derleth also treated Lovecraft's Old Ones as representatives of elemental forces, creating new fictional entities to flesh out this framework.
Such debates aside, Derleth's founding of Arkham House and his successful effort to rescue Lovecraft from literary obscurity are widely acknowledged by practitioners in the horror field as seminal events in the field. For instance, Ramsey Campbell has acknowledged Derleth's encouragement and guidance during the early part of his own writing career, and Kirby McCauley has cited Derleth and Arkham House as an inspiration for his own anthology, Dark Forces. Arkham House and Derleth published Dark Carnival, the first book by Ray Bradbury, as well. Brian Lumley cites the importance of Derleth to his own Lovecraftian work, and contends in a 2009 introduction to Derleth's work that he was "...one of the first, finest, and most discerning editors and publishers of macabre fiction."
Important as was Derleth's work to rescue H.P. Lovecraft from literary obscurity at the time of Lovecraft's death, Derleth also built a body of horror and spectral fiction of his own; still frequently anthologized. The best of this work, recently reprinted in four volumes of short stories–most of which were originally published in Weird Tales, illustrates Derleth's original abilities in the genre. While Derleth considered his work in this genre less important than his most serious literary efforts, the compilers of these four anthologies, including Ramsey Campbell, note that the stories still resonate after more than fifty years.
In 2009, The Library of America selected Derleth's story The Panelled Room for inclusion in its two-century retrospective of American Fantastic Tales.
Derleth also wrote many historical novels, as part of both the Sac Prairie Saga and the Wisconsin Saga. He also wrote history; arguably most notable among these was The Wisconsin: River of a Thousand Isles, published in 1942. The work was one in a series entitled "The Rivers of America", conceived by writer Constance Lindsay Skinner in the Great Depression as a series that would connect Americans to their heritage through the history of the great rivers of the nation. Skinner wanted the series to be written by artists, not academicians. Derleth, while not a trained historian, was, according to former Wisconsin state historian William F. Thompson, "...a very competent regional historian who based his historical writing upon research in the primary documents and who regularly sought the help of professionals... ." In the foreword to the 1985 reissue of the work by The University of Wisconsin Press, Thompson concluded: "No other writer, of whatever background or training, knew and understood his particular 'corner of the earth' better than August Derleth."
Derleth wrote several volumes of poems, as well as biographies of Zona Gale, Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau.
He also wrote introductions to several collections of classic early 20th century comics, such as Buster Brown, Little Nemo in Slumberland, and Katzenjammer Kids, as well as a book of children's poetry entitled A Boy's Way, and the foreword to Tales from an Indian Lodge by Phebe Jewell Nichols. Derleth also wrote under the noms de plume Stephen Grendon, Kenyon Holmes and Tally Mason.
Derleth's papers and comic book collection (valued at a considerable sum upon his death) were donated to the Wisconsin Historical Society in Madison.
- Still is the Summer Night (1937)
- Wind Over Wisconsin (1938)
- Any Day Now (1938)
- Restless is the River (1939)
- Evening in Spring (1941)
- Sweet Genevieve (1942)
- Shadow of Night (1943)
- The Shield of the Valiant (1945)
- The House of Moonlight (1953)
- Murder Stalks the Wakely Family (1934)
- The Man on All Fours (1934)
- Three Who Died (1935)
- Sign of Fear (1935)
- Sentence Deferred (1939)
- The Narracong Riddle (1940)
- Bright Journey (1940)
- The Seven Who Waited (1943)
- Mischief in the Lane (1944)
- No Future for Luana (1945)
- Oliver, The Wayward Owl (1945)
- The Country of the Hawk (1952)
- The Captive Island (1952)
- Fell Purpose (1953)
- Death by Design (1953)
- Empire of Fur (1953)
- Land of Gray Gold (1954)
- Land of Sky Blue Waters (1955)
- The House on the Mound (1958)
- The Moon Tenders (1958)
- Wilbur, The Trusting Whippoorwill (1959)
- The Mill Creek Irregulars (1959)
- The Pinkertons Ride Again (1960)
- The Ghost of Blackhawk Island (1961)
- Sweet Land of Michigan (1962)
- The Tent Show Summer (1963)
- The Irregulars Strike Again (1964)
- The House by the River (1965)
- The Watcher on the Heights (1966)
- The Beast in Holger's Woods (1968)
- The Prince Goes West (1968)
- Three Straw Men (1970)
Sac Prairie Saga
- Place of Hawks (1935)
- Country Growth (1940)
- Wisconsin Earth: A Sac Prairie Sampler (1948)
- Sac Prairie People (1948)
- Wisconsin in Their Bones (1961)
- Country Matters (1996)
- Return to Sac Prairie (1996)
- The Lost Sac Prairie Novels (2000), including The Odyssey of Janna Meade (first published in the Star Weekly magazine December 3, 1949); The Wind in the Cedars (also as Happiness Shall Not Escape) (first published in Redbook Magazine, January 1946), Lamplight for the Dark (first published in Redbook Magazine January 1941); Shane's Girls (also as Happiness is a Gift) (first published in Redbook Magazine 1948)
Horror & Lovecraft-Mythos
- Consider Your Verdict (1937) as Tally Mason
Journals (Sac Prairie Saga)
- Atmosphere of Houses (1939)
- Village Year: A Sac Prairie Journal (1941)
- Village Daybook (1947)
- Countryman's Journal (1963)
- Walden West (1961)
- Wisconsin Country: A Sac Prairie Journal (1965)
- Return to Walden West (1970)
- Incubus (1934)
- Omega (1934)
- To a Spaceship (1934)
- Man and the Cosmos (1935)
- "Only Deserted" (1937)
- The Shores of Night (1947)
- Providence: Two Gentlemen Meet at Midnight (1948)
- Jacksnipe Over (1971)
- Something Left Behind (1971)
- Hawk on the Wind (1938)
- Man Track Here (1939)
- Here on a Darkling Plain (1940)
- Wind in the Elms (1941)
- Rind of Earth (1942)
- And You, Thoreau! (1944)
- Selected Poems (1944)
- The Edge of Night (1945)
- Habitant of Dusk (1946)
- A Boy's Way (1947) (Illustrated by Claire Victor Dwiggins)
- It's a Boy's World (1948)
- Rendezvous in a Landscape (1952)
- Psyche (1953)
- Country Poems (1956)
- West of Morning (1960)
- This Wound (1962)
- Introduction (The Mask of Cthulhu) (unknown)
- Foreword (Who Knocks?) (1946)
- Foreword (The Night Side) (1947)
- Introduction (The Sleeping and the Dead) (1947)
- Foreword (Not Long for This World) (1948)
- Introduction (Strange Ports of Call) (1948)
- Introduction (The Other Side of the Moon) (1949)
- Introduction (Beyond Time and Space) (1950)
- Foreword (The Outer Reaches) (1951)
- Introduction (The Haunter of the Dark) (1951)
- Introduction (Beachheads in Space) (1952)
- Introduction (Worlds of Tomorrow) (1953)
- Foreword (Time to Come) (1954)
- Introduction (Beachheads in Space) (1954)
- Introduction (Portals of Tomorrow) (1954)
- Introduction (Worlds of Tomorrow) (1955)
- Foreword (Dark Mind, Dark Heart) (1962)
- Foreword (Time to Come) (1963)
- H. P. Lovecraft And His Work (1963)
- H. P. Lovecraft And His Work (1963)
- Introduction (Mr. George and Other Odd Persons) (1963)
- Introduction (Worlds of Tomorrow) (1963)
- Introduction (Beachheads in Space) (1964)
- Introduction (From Other Worlds) (1964)
- Foreword (The Night Side) (1966)
- Foreword (The Unspeakable People) (1969)
- Clark Ashton Smith: Master of Fantasy (1974) with Donald Wandrei
- Still Small Voice (1940) – biography of newspaperwoman and writer Zona Gale
- H.P.L.: A Memoir (1945)
- Some Notes on H. P. Lovecraft (1959)
- Concord Rebel: A Life of Henry D. Thoreau (1962)
- Emerson, Our Contemporary (1970)
As Stephen Grendon
- The Drifting Snow (1939)
- A Gentleman from Prague (1944)
- Alannah (1945)
- Dead Man's Shoes (1946)
- Bishop's Gambit (1947)
- The Extra Passenger (1947)
- The Ghost Walk (1947)
- Mr. George (1947)
- Parrington's Pool (1947)
- Blessed Are the Meek (1948)
- Mara (1948)
- The Night Train to Lost Valley (1948)
- The Tsanta in the Parlor (1948)
- The Tsantsa in the Parlor (1948)
- The Wind in the Lilacs (1948)
- The Blue Spectacles (1949)
- Mrs. Manifold (1949)
- Open, Sesame! (1949)
- The Song of the Pewee (1949)
- The Man on B-17 (1950)
- Balu (1949)
- Miss Esperson (1962)
With H. P. Lovecraft
- The Lurker at the Threshold (1945)
- The Survivor (1954)
- Wentworth's Day (1957)
- The Gable Window (1957)
- The Shadow Out of Space (1957)
- The Ancestor (1957)
- The Lamp of Alhazred (1957)
- The Peabody Heritage (1957)
- The Shuttered Room (1959)
- The Dark Brotherhood (1966)
- The Horror from the Middle Span (1967)
- Innsmouth Clay (1971)
- The Watchers Out of Time (1974) (unfinished)
With Marc R. Schorer
- The Elixir of Life (1926)
- The Marmoset (1926)
- The Black Castle (1927)
- The Owl on the Moor (1928)
- Riders in the Sky (1928)
- The Pacer (1930)
- In the Left Wing (1932)
- The Lair of the Star-Spawn (1932)
- Laughter in the Night (1932)
- Red Hands (1932)
- The Carven Image (1933)
- The Return of Andrew Bentley (1933)
- Colonel Markesan (1934)
- A Matter of Faith (1934)
- Death Holds the Post (1936)
- They Shall Rise (1936)
- The Woman at Loon Point (1936)
- Spawn of the Maelstrom (1939)
- The Vengeance of Ai (1939)
- The Occupant of the Crypt (1947)
- The Figure with the Scythe (1973)
- The Churchyard Yew (1947) as Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu
- The Adventure of the Snitch in Time (1953) with Mack Reynolds
- The Adventure of the Ball of Nostradamus (1955) with Mack Reynolds
- The House in the Oaks (1971) with Robert E. Howard
- "The Metronome" – The Unforeseen (TV,1960)
- "The Incredible Doktor Markesan" – Thriller (TV, 1962)
- "House – with Ghost" – Night Gallery (TV, 1971)
- "The Dark Boy" – Night Gallery (TV, 1971)
- "Logoda's Head" – Night Gallery (TV, 1971)
- O'Brien Roll of Honour for short story, 1933
- Guggenheim fellow, 1938
- Bleiler, Everett (1948). The Checklist of Fantastic Literature. Chicago: Shasta Publishers. p. 98.
- Chalker, Jack L.; Mark Owings (1998). The Science-Fantasy Publishers: A Bibliographic History, 1923–1998. Westminster, Maryland and Baltimore: Mirage Press.
- 100 Books by August Derleth. Sauk City, Wisconsin: Arkham House. 1962.
- Derleth, August (1992). Jim Stephens, ed. An August Derleth Reader. Madison, Wisconsin: Prairie Oak Press. ISBN 1-879483-11-4.
- Derleth, August (2000). Vanderburgh, George A., ed. The Original Text Solar Pons Omnibus Edition, Vols 1 & 2. Shelburne, Ontario, Canada; Sauk City, Wisconsin: Mycroft & Moran, The Battered Silicon Dispatch Box. ISBN 1-55246-072-X.
- Jaffery, Sheldon (1989). The Arkham House Companion. Mercer Island, WA: Starmont House. ISBN 1-55742-005-X.
- Howard, Nic (September 1984). Masters of Fantasy 2: August Derleth. Birmingham, England: British Fantasy Society.
- Litersky, Dorothy M. (1997). Derleth: Hawk and Dove. Aurora, Co: National Writers Press. ISBN 0-88100-093-0.
- Meudt, Edna. 'August Derleth: "A simple, honorable man",'Wisconsin Academy Review, 19:2 (Summer, 1972) 8–11.
- Nielsen, Leon; Abrahams, Barry (2004). Arkham House Books: A Collector's Guide. Jefferson, North Carolina and London: McFarland & Company, Inc. ISBN 0-7864-1785-4.
- Queen, Ellery (1944). The Misadventures of Sherlock Holmes. Boston, Massachusetts: Little, Brown and Company. pp. 261–274.
- Schorer, Mark. "An Appraisal of the Work of August Derleth", The Capital Times, July 9, 1971.
- Tuck, Donald H. (1974). The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction and Fantasy. Chicago: Advent. pp. 137–141. ISBN 0-911682-20-1.
- Robert Bloch. "Two Great Editors". Is No 4 (Oct 1971). Reprint in Bloch's Out of My Head. Cambridge MA: NESFA Press, 1986, 71-79.
- Lin Carter. "A Day in Derleth Country". Is No 4 (Oct 1971). Reprint in Crypt of Cthulhu 1, No 6.
- John Howard. "The Ghosts of Sauk County". All Hallows 18 (1998); in Howard's Touchstones: Essays on the Fantastic. Staffordshire UK: Alchemy Press, 2014.
- ^ ab"August Derleth Services Wednesday in Sauk City", Capital Times, July 6, 1971, p. 24, col. 2.
- ^ ab"Author August Derleth Dies". Capital Times. July 5, 1971. p. 1, col. 6.
- ^Derleth, August. "An Autobiography."Archived July 4, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
- ^Starett, Vincent (September 26, 1948). "Books Alive". Chicago Tribune. p. 4-4. Retrieved March 7, 2015.
- ^"Obituary: April R. Derleth".
- ^"Author August Derleth Dies". Capital Times. July 5, 1971. p. 1, col. 6.
- ^Wandrei, Donald (1962). 100 books by August Derleth. Arkham House. p. 115. Retrieved February 14, 2011.
- ^Peter Ruber. "Introduction" in August Derleth, The Final Adventures of Solar Pons, Shelburne, Ont.: M&M, 1998.
- ^The Mill Creek Irregulars by August Derleth
- ^Joshi, H. P. Lovecraft: A Life, Necronomicon Press 1996, p.638.
- ^Mosig, "H. P. Lovecraft: Myth Maker" (1976), collected in Mosig at Last, Necronomicon Press 1997.
- ^Joshi, H. P. Lovecraft: A Life, Necronomicon Press 1996, pp. 403–4.
- ^"The Derleth Mythos" in Meade & Penny Frierson (eds), HPL (1972)
- ^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on February 17, 2013. Retrieved November 28, 2012.
- ^For example, in The Count of Thirty (Necronomicon Press 1993), p.11.
- ^Kirby McCauley, Introduction, Dark Forces (1980).
- ^Derleth, August, 1909–1971
- ^Gangster Stories, March 1930.
- ^Kim Newman (ed) The BFI Companion to Horror. London: Cassell, 1996, p. 92