Animal testing on cosmetics is related to a lot of aspects of the manufacturing process of these products, which is performed for the individual ingredients within their formulas. Though this method brought about some good news on the improvement of beauty products, it has become one of the most controversial subjects in the world. While countries, such as the UK, have banned its practice and the European Union has introduced a testing and marketing ban, it is still occurring in other countries. Now, both sides of the argument are standing their grounds with firm and solid opinions being pushed, making it difficult for them to reach any agreement. On our end, the best way to come up with a well-informed decision is to evaluate this method’s advantages and disadvantages.
List of Advantages of Animal Testing on Cosmetics
1. It helps with improving human health.
With this practice, we can make sure that people will never be exposed to any harmful chemicals or toxins in cosmetics, leading to a drop in consumer health risks. As argued by some scientists, testing cosmetics on animals before the products are introduced to the public is necessary for the manufacturing process, or people would be using products that are potentially harmful.
2. It has great important to research.
If testing cosmetics on animals is prohibited, it would be difficult for researchers to make an educated guess about the safety of these products. As you can see, this method allows developers to conduct trial and error and learn more about supplying consumers the best goods possible.
3. It only tests animals that are a close to humans in a biological sense.
Though the composition of animals is not entirely similar to that of human beings, it will still suffice for research to use on tests and see how beauty products would work on people. While there are certain inherent limitations to this practice, it is currently the best method until medical technology develops further.
4. It offers benefits to the organizations carrying it out.
Organizations that are taking part in animal testing on cosmetic have had a competitive edge over those that refuse to do it. Also, they feel that the method is allowing them to safeguard the environment.
5. It is highly regulated to protect animals from mistreatment.
Animal research is strictly regulated by state and federal laws and guidelines, as well the 1966 Animal Welfare Act (AWA), which stipulates minimum housing standards for lab subjects and requires regular inspections by veterinarians. Moreover, all proposals involving the use of animals for research require the approval of the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) that was set up by the research facilities themselves.
6. It offers advantages to the animals themselves.
Imagine if vaccines were not tested on animals—millions of them would be dying from serious diseases, such as rabies, distemper, tetanus, leukemia, parvo, infectious hepatitis virus and anthrax. Also, treatments that were developed using animals for testing include those for glaucoma, hip dysplasia and pacemakers for heart disease. Another importance of this practice is that it has helped save endangered species from extinction.
List of Disadvantages of Animal Testing on Cosmetics
1. It is still possible that animals receive inhumane treatment.
During the tests, it is highly possible that animals would experience inhumane treatment, where they are being restrained. One good example of this case is the Draize Test, where the eyelids of the test rabbits are being held back for at least 3 days during the test, causing them pain and discomfort. It is because of this aspect that animal testing has received an enormous amount of criticism, not just in the UK, but also all around the world.
2. It causes animal death.
While there are tests that are painless, where animals are being returned to wherever they are taken from afterwards, this is not always the case in all trials. Keep in mind that there some animals that are killed immediately after each trial, and in some cases, they suffer from chemical poisoning or injuries, forcing them to live the rest of their lives in captivity.
3. It costs a huge amount of money.
Animal testing is actually not cheap, considering that it is costly to provide care, food and shelter for the animals being subject to tests. Plus, the procedure is usually performed over the course of several months, which means that more expenses would be accumulated. As for the animals themselves, they are often purchased, which can add up to the overall cost.
4. It would involve performing unnecessary tests.
Sad to say, animal testing on cosmetics does not always result in the introduction of new products, with some tests performed without products being put into use thereafter. In this case, animals would just suffer and even die in vain from dangerous tests that do not even offer benefits to humans. Unless every product is proven safe for public consumption by these tests, critics will not see the need for conducting them.
5. It does not prove to contribute to medical breakthroughs.
Many scientists stated that breakthroughs in medicine by animal testing could have still been accomplished sans the procedure. In fact, they said that there is no proof that these tests were essential to these advancements, adding that animal-free alternatives would have been found with enough time, money and resources.
6. It passes drugs that are potentially harmful.
This is certainly true considering the sleeping pill thalidomide in the 1950s, which caused severe deformities to thousands of babies being born. The drug was definitely tested on animals, but it did lead to serious effects. Another case that best demonstrates this disadvantage involves the arthritis drug Vioxx, which showed to protect the hearts of mice, yet went on to cause heart attacks and sudden cardiac deaths before being pulled from the market.
Without a doubt, animal testing on cosmetics is a very controversial topic, where there are many people who are seeing some benefits and there are others who are seeing it as unnecessary, considering there are alternative solutions. Based on the advantages and disadvantages listed above, what do you think?
Tags:Opposing ViewpointsPositives and Negatives
IELTS Animal Testing Essay
Here you will find an example of an IELTS animal testing essay.
In this essay, you are asked to discuss the arguments for and against animal testing, and then give your own conclusions on the issue.
This means you must look at both sides of the issue and you must also be sure you give your opinion too.
The essay is similar to an essay that says "Discuss both opinions and then give your opinion" but it is worded differently.
Take a look at the question and model answer below, and think about how the essay has been organised and how it achieves coherence and cohesion.
Animal Testing Essay
Animals Testing Essay - Model Answer
Issues related to animal experimentation are frequently discussed these days, particularly in the media. It is often said that animals should not be used in testing because it is cruel and unnecessary. This essay will examine the arguments for and against animal testing.
On the one hand, the people who support these experiments say that we must do tests on animals. For instance, many famous lifesaving drugs were invented in this way, and animal experiments may help us to find more cures in the future. Indeed, possibly even a cure for cancer and AIDS. Furthermore, the animals which are used are not usually wild but are bred especially for experiments. Therefore, they believe it is not true that animal experiments are responsible for reducing the number of wild animals on the planet.
On the other hand, others feel that there are good arguments against this. First and foremost, animal experiments are unkind and cause animals a lot of pain. In addition, they feel that many tests are not really important, and in fact animals are not only used to test new medicines but also new cosmetics, which could be tested on humans instead. Another issue is that sometimes an experiment on animals gives us the wrong result because animals’ bodies are not exactly the same as our own. As a consequence, this testing may not be providing the safety that its proponents claim.
In conclusion, I am of the opinion, on balance, that the benefits do not outweigh the disadvantages, and testing on animals should not continue. Although it may improve the lives of humans, it is not fair that animals should suffer in order to achieve this.
This animal testing essay would achieve a high score.
It fully answers all parts of the task- explaining the arguments 'for' in the first paragraph and the arguments 'against' in the next. Conclusions are then drawn with the writer giving their opinion in the conclusion.
It is thus very clearly organised, with each body paragraph having a central idea.
Ideas are also extended and supported by the use of reasons and some examples or further clarification. No ideas are left unclear or unexplained.
There is also some good topic related vocabulary in the animal testing essay such as 'life saving drugs' and 'bred' and a mix of complex sentences, such as adverbial clauses:
'Although it may improve the lives of humans, it is not fair that animals should suffer in order to achieve this'.
'...they feel that many tests are not really important'.
And relative clauses:
'...the animals which are used are not usually wild...'
Transitions are also used effectively to ensure there is good coherence and cohesion. For example, 'On the other hand..' indicates a change to discuss the contrasting ideas, and 'Therefore..." and 'As a consequence..' are used to give results.
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:
Examine the arguments in favour of and against animal experiments, and come to a conclusion on this issue.
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own experience or knowledge.
Write at least 250 words.