Schoenberg Peripetie Essay Writing

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Term
Definition
Term
What style is the piece written in?
Definition
Term
What is "Klangfarbenmelodie"?
Definition
The tune is shared between instruments of different timbres. Invented by Schoenberg.
Term
Expressionist music is atonal. What does atonal mean?
Definition
no defined key signature/structure
Term
What kind of emotions does expressionist music express?
Definition
Term
What does 'peripetie' mean?
Definition
Term
When was the piece written?
Definition
Term
What does 'Hauptstimme' mean?
Definition
Term
What does 'Nebenstimme' mean?
Definition
Term
Describe the 7 motifs of the piece.
Definition
They are formed from a hexachord and used either melodically or harmonically.
Term
What is the time signature of the piece?
Definition
Term
What is the tonality of the piece?
Definition
Atonal- no defined key sig/structure
Term
What is the tempo of the piece?
Definition
Sehr Rasch(very quick. Full of driving energy and startling contrasts.
Term
Definition
Constantly changing:
A- starts f, each idea louder. then section ends quietly.
B- Overall pp-fff-pp.
A1- Calm, quiet down to pp
C- Quiet Hauptstimme(main voice) with passionate triplets
A2- Builds to full orchestra fff then fades to pp
Term
Definition
Octave Displacement(patterns varying widely in pitch from one note to the next) eg. in Motif G
Instruments play at EXTREMES OF REGISTER eg cellos/basses very high, horns very low.
Term
What is the rhythm of the piece?
Definition
Triplets, semiquavers, demisemiquavers
Dotted notes in C section
Constantly changing, syncopated
Term
Definition
motifs are based on a combination of different hexachords. each line is a separate idea but creates accidental harmony.
Term
Definition
Polyphonic- similar instruments work together but each group interweaves independently.
Term
What are some of the musical features of the piece?
Definition
Detailed playing instructions:
Intrumental Techniques- muted/unmuted, tremolo, 'stopped' horn
Articulation-
staccato, accent marks, crescendo/diminuendo on single notes
Other Instructions-
divisi(split), G string (play high up, Tutti(all together), Bell up
Term
Describe the melody and form
Definition
Seven main motifs based on hexachords used either melodically or harmonically. Each motif is played on certain instruments, eg. Motif A is played by clarinet, Motif B is played by trumpets and trombones.
Term
what is the structure of the piece?
Definition
Rondo form- A B A1 C A2
A1 + A2 develop A
B + C = episodes
Term
Describe the instrumentation.
Definition
Uses a very large orchestra. Full range of instruments, exploring how they sound when played at extremes of their register and extremes of dynamics. The timbre is as important as melody- eg. uses a bow on the cymbals.

Peripetie from Five Orchestral Pieces

Five Orchestral Pieces is an atonal Expressionist piece. It was completed in 1909. The first performance took place in London in 1912.

Schoenberg described it as "a vivid, uninterrupted succession of colours and moods". Peripetie is the fourth movement.

Peripetie can be translated as 'a sudden change of fortune'.

The orchestra

Five Orchestral Pieces is written for a very large orchestra using some unusual instruments.

There are three flutes, oboes, clarinets and bassoons (instead of the normal pairs) plus piccolo, cor anglais, clarinet in D, bass clarinet and contrabassoon. There are extra horns, trumpets and trombones plus a tuba. The percussion section includes xylophone, cymbals, tam tam (a large gong) and bass drum.

Instruments often play at the extreme of their registers. There are many performance directions in the score. Schoenberg was looking for very specific tone colours or timbres.

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