Essay On Social Cognition

Essay on Social Cognitive Theory

1586 Words7 Pages

Social Cognitive Theory

Nowadays, many people both young and old tend to engage in health compromising behaviors. Some of which include: alcohol abuse, drug abuse, smoking, and the specific topic interest condom use, or maybe in this case condom non-use. From these particular behaviors a question poses: Why do people engage in health compromising behaviors? There are in fact many theories or processes that can give explanations to this particular question. One theory that can be related to this specific question is the Social Cognitive Theory (SCT). Dr. Albert Bandura originated social Cognitive Theory in the early 1960's. It actually stems from the Social Learning Theory. It has origins in the discipline of psychology, with…show more content…

The third concept associated with the SCT is vicarious capability. Vicarious processes refer to the human ability to learn not only from direct experience, but also from the observation of others. Observational learning allows one to develop an idea of how a new behavior is performed with actually performing the behavior oneself. Forethought capability is the fourth concept that is associated with the SCT. It implies that most human behavior is purposive and is regulated by this. Forethought is a person's capability to motivate themselves and guide their actions anticipatorily. It mentions that previous experiences create expectations of the outcome that will occur as a result of performing a behavior, before the behavior is performed. These expectations influence the likelihood that a behavior will be performed again. In the case of the scenario, this concept implies that if the two had been in this predicament prior to that specific time, then it is likely that they would already know what was going to happen. The fifth concept incorporated into the SCT is self-regulatory capability. This allows people to have personal control over their own thoughts, feelings, motivation, and actions. It is important because it allows the gradual substitution of internal controls for external controls of behavior. With this concept applied to the scenario, it simply refers to the

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Social Cognitive Theory of Learning Essay

1658 Words7 Pages

Social Cognitive Theory of Learning Social cognitive theory of learning is a theoretical perspective that focuses on learning by observing others and eventually assuming control over one’s own behavior (Ormrod, 2011, p.323). Social cognitive theory is a perspective that helps us understand about learning by observing other people doing the same thing. This theory is a blend of behaviorism and cognitive psychology (Ormrod, 2011). Behaviorism theory relates to learning as a stimulus- response relationship and suggests that learning involves a behavior change whereas according to social cognitive theory learning is an internal process that may or may not lead to a behavior change. For example one might attempt to ride a bicycle as soon as…show more content…

People learn by observation is the basic assumption of the social cognitive theory. The person who demonstrates a behavior for someone else is the model for the learner (Ormrod, 2011). According to instrumental conditioning, learning is a process of trial and error (Ormrod, 2011, p.324). Learners observe different behaviors and try to adopt those behaviors, if any of the learned behaviors bring desirable results; those behaviors stay with the learner. For example if in a classroom a student gets teacher’s attention by answering the questions and receives good grades, the behavior is followed by other students. In the Canoga Park video the students are in the groups of two students and every student is discussing the importance of printing press with the partner. In this process every student is a model for their partner. The students are learning about the printing press by listening to their partner and when it is the turn of the other partner in the group, he or she is trying to express the same ideas in a different or better way (4th Grade, Canoga Park, n.d.). Learning is an internal process that may or may not lead to a behavior change. Some of the things people learn appear in their behavior immediately, some other things people learn affect their behavior at a later time, and some of the things people learn from others never influence their behaviors (Ormrod, 2011). For

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