Do Citations Count In Word Count Extended Essay Guidelines

Students must acknowledge all sources used in work submitted to IB for assessment.  

Diploma Programme students submit work for assessment in a variety of media that may include audio-visual material, text, graphs, images and/or data published in print or electronic sources.  If students use the work or ideas of another person, they must acknowledge the source using a standard style of referencing in a consistent manner.  A student's failure to acknowledge a source will be investigated by the IB as a potential breach of regulations that may result in a penalty imposed by the IB final award committee.

The IB does not proscribe which style(s) of referencing or in-text citation should be used by students; this is left to the discretion of appropriate faculty/staff in the student's school.  In practice, certain styles may prove most commonly used, but schools are free to choose a style that is appropriate for the subject concerned and the language in which students' work is written.

The following criteria must be applied:

  • Students are expected to use a standard style and use it consistently so that credit is given to all sources used, including sources that have been paraphrased or summarized.
  • When writing, students must clearly distinguish (in the body of the text) between their words and those of others by the use of quotation marks (or other method like indentation) followed by an appropriate citation that denotes an entry in the bibliography.
  • Students are not expected to show faultless expertise in referencing, but are expected to demonstrate that all sources have been acknowledged.
  • Students must be advised that any audio-visual material, text, graphs, images and/or data that is crucial to their work and that is not their own must also attribute the source.  Again, an appropriate style of referencing/citation must be used.
  • Regardless of the reference style adopted by the school for a given subject, it is expected that the minimum information given includes:
    • name of author
    • date of publication
    • title of source
    • page numbers as applicable
    • date of access (electronic sources)
    • URL

Adapted from "Introduction; Academic honesty, Acknowledge the work or ideas of another person", from Extended Essay Guide, International Baccalaureate Organization, 2016.

 
  1. Hi all,

    Just a quick question: does anyone know if section headings (like 'Introduction' and 'Methods of Data Collection,' for example) are included in the IB's word limit? Our extended essay supervisor said no, but, since she's not all too trustworthy, I'd prefer the final say to come from someone else! At the moment, I haven't been counting the section titles, and am at 3998 words (excluding figures, annotations and in-text citations, as per the IB's guidelines); of course, by counting the headings, I would be a bit over.

    Note that I have already handed in my extended essay, but it has yet to be sent to the IB. At our school, the essay is completed by March of the first year. It will be submitted to the International Baccalaureate early 2012. So, if need be, I can cut down the words and submit a revised copy.

    Thanks in advance!

    Last edited by ryanwhiting; 13-08-2011 at 05:52.
  2. No, the headings and sub headings are not counted in the word count, although the IB boards don't take it too seriously. But to be on the safe side, don't be so lazy....just add some constructive jargon and extend your essay by a few words.
    (Original post by ryanwhiting)
    Hi all,

    Just a quick question: does anyone know if section headings (like 'Introduction' and 'Methods of Data Collection,' for example) are included in the IB's word limit? Our extended essay supervisor said no, but, since she's not all too trustworthy, I'd prefer the final say to come from someone else! At the moment, I haven't been counting the section titles, and am at 3998 words (excluding figures, annotations and in-text citations, as per the IB's guidelines); of course, by counting the headings, I would be a bit over.

    Note that I have already handed in my extended essay, but it has yet to be sent to the IB. At our school, the essay is completed by March of the first year. It will be submitted to the International Baccalaureate early 2012. So, if need be, I can cut down the words and submit a revised copy.

    Thanks in advance!

  3. Hi, HRH2.

    Thanks for the reply. But I think you misread part of my question! I'm not looking to *add* words to my essay, since I'm currently at 3998 - I'm looking to cut down if I can!

    Other than that, though, I appreciate the solid answer you gave me regarding my principle query!
    (Original post by HRH2)
    No, the headings and sub headings are not counted in the word count, although the IB boards don't take it too seriously. But to be on the safe side, don't be so lazy....just add some constructive jargon and extend your essay by a few words.

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